Whole-Body Vibration and Trunk Posture During Operation of Agricultural Machinery
Agricultural workers experience increased risk of musculoskeletal pain and disorders in comparison to workers in many other industries (Holmberg et al., 2002; Davis and Kotowski, 2007; Kirkhorn et al., 2010; Osborne et al., 2012a). Low back pain (LBP) is particularly common, with an estimated lifetime prevalence of 75% and an estimated 1-year prevalence of 47.8% reported in a recent systematic review (Osborne et al., 2012a), as well as an estimated two-week LBP prevalence of 33.2% observed among farm operators in the Midwest region of the USA (Fethke et al., 2015). The costs associated with the high prevalence of LBP and other low back disorders are disproportionally higher among agricultural workers than workers in other industries (Leigh et al., 2006; Manchikanti et al., 2014)”.
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